Malware is a type of computer security threat that works similar to a biological infection. You might say it is like a virus, but the computer is actually a specific type of malware, which is short for “malicious software.” Obviously, malware aims to perform undesirable actions in your system.
The unfortunate truth for you is it is better to prevent malware than try to fix it once you have it. Again, this is pretty similar, how you might think about a biological infection: that it is better to prevent and avoid them than to try to cure them after the fact.
That in mind, here are some strategies for subduing malware:
As with many health concerns, physical or digital, the best avenue for prevention is to learn as much as you possibly can about the potential threats. Thus, you should be refreshed on best practices offered by good companies like Hikvision for avoiding malware as often as possible. These best practices as you will learn include things like not downloading or running programs from unknown sources and refraining from blindly inserting and running “found media” on your devices.
It should be obvious, these days, the importance of running antivirus software, but make sure that the program you use has a solid reputation for success. Of course, that often means you should be willing to pay a little bit of money for the best service, but you can find free security programs that offer fair protection from the most common types of backdoor threats, too.
Of course, one way to prevent malware from getting into your computer is to ensure that you are only accessing the internet through a secure network. This not only protects your computer but also every other machine connected to the system. Such network security methods include things like:
- Remote access via VPN
Just like you would audit other operations in your business, it can be helpful to run audits of the security system specifically to hunt for vulnerabilities. On these audits you should look for:
- Known bugs
- Server misconfigurations
- Service issues
- Application malfunctions
Finally, it is always a good idea to conduct regularly-scheduled backups of your data. While this will turn out to be a smart move should you be attacked by malware, backups also ensure you are protected from data loss due to power failure, hardware malfunction, and other issues.